Guabiraba roxa Fruit Plant (Campomanesia aromatica)
Common Name: Strawberry Guava, Guabiraba roxa
Botanical Name: Campomanesia aromatica
General Information: Strawberry Guava, scientifically known as Campomanesia aromatica, is a species of plant in the Myrtaceae family. Endemic to the Atlantic Forest ecoregion in southeastern Brazil, this evergreen shrub or small tree reaches a height ranging from 2 to 20 meters. It is valued for its medicinal uses and edible fruits, and efforts are made for its cultivation in certain regions, such as Martinique.
The fruits of Strawberry Guava are highly regarded for their delicious taste, often eaten raw. The delicate pulp offers a flavor reminiscent of pine strawberries. The black fruits, measuring about 10mm long, are versatile and can be used in the preparation of juices, ice creams, and jellies.
Health Benefits: Strawberry Guava holds significance not only for its culinary appeal but also for its medicinal applications. The branches can be used in tonic baths, while leaf infusions are employed to treat headaches and fevers. Additionally, crushed leaves are utilized as a wash for small skin sores. The species is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List due to extensive habitat loss.
Bloom Time/Fruiting: 2 to 3 Years
Maintenance Required: Moderate