Araca Piranga Fruit Plant (Eugenia sp leitonii)
Common Name: Araca Piranga
Botanical Name: Eugenia sp leitonii
General Information: Eugenia sp leitonii is a captivating, slow-growing tree native to eastern Brazil in South America. This semi-deciduous tree showcases an open, pyramidal crown, reaching heights between 8 to 14 meters. Its preference for dappled shade contributes to optimal growth conditions. Harvested for its edible fruits and occasionally cultivated for ornamental purposes, this tree is notable for its striking red trunk.
Fruit: Approximately 5cm in diameter with a single large seed. The thick, fleshy pulp offers a slightly sweet flavor with a touch of astringency. Fruits are commonly consumed fresh or used in the preparation of jellies and jam.
Culinary Uses: The fruit, measuring around 4cm in length and 3cm in width, features a thin skin and a thick, succulent pulp. Known for its delightful acidic-sweet flavor, the fruit can be enjoyed raw or utilized in the creation of jellies and sweets.
Medicinal Properties: Recent studies have highlighted the potential health benefits of Eugenia spp., including anti-cancer properties in species like E. uniflora and E. brasiliensis. Additionally, E. leitonii has been recognized for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects.
Bloom Time/Fruiting: 3 to 4 Years
Maintenance Required: Moderate